Research brief "Social Capital, Migration, Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance: a Multidisciplinary Evidence from South-East Europe" available online
The goal of the research was to investigate social capital and its determinants in three South-East European countries – Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia – focusing its attention on different migrant groups and different periods (crisis and normality).
The research has been conducted within the RRPP-funded project Social Capital and Migration – Evidence from a Post-conflict Environment implemented by the Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Applied Research (CISAR), with institutional mentorship from Aston University, UK. The project examines the post-conflict environment of the SEE region and the factors which influence social capital in the areas where it is likely to have an important role in the re-integration and, indirectly, in supporting economic performance of individuals, companies and whole societies.
In the context of policy relevance, this research identifies common and specific determinants of social capital, as well as similarities and differences between periods of crisis and normality. Particular attention is devoted to the effect of ethnic diversity on social capital and subsequently on the economic performance of individuals and families. The authors find that the current ethnic diversity of neighbouring areas and personal networks is beneficial for both the pro-social engagement of citizens as well as for individual and household economic performance. This finding has important policy implications for societies that are struggling with a number of inter-ethnic challenges, and its message is that ethnic diversity is not a threat but rather a boon for such societies and families and individuals living in them.
Social capital, migration, ethnic diversity and economic performance: a multidisciplinary evidence from South-East Europe