07.12.2016

Research results: Challenges and Opportunities for Employment of Marginalized Groups by Social Enterprises


The results of the RRPP-funded research project Challenges and Opportunities for Employment of Marginalised Groups by Social Enterprises have recently been published. The aim of the project was to understand the perceived challenges and opportunities for the employment of marginalised groups by social enterprises (SE) through mapping and providing typologies of the social enterprise models in Macedonia, Albania and Kosovo.

The research methodology is based on a mixed approach with two methodological instruments applied: a structured questionnaire for social enterprises (based on the ICSEM project methodology) and a semi-structured questionnaire for members of marginalised groups.

The key findings from the comparative research showed that the sector is rather underdeveloped and comprises mostly SEs of one type that are in a precarious position. According to the authors, “the most common type of SEs in the region are not-for-profit organizations with great variety in social missions, target groups and type of products, i.e., services that they offer. They are the most likely organizations to have work integration missions for vulnerable groups, give employment priority to them, or aid them in a different way. However, the majority of them are fully dependent on philanthropy (donors and aid agencies), which puts their long term sustainability in question.” (Srbijanko, Korunovska, Bashevska (2016). “Social Enterprises and Work Integration of Vulnerable Groups in Macedonia, Albania and Kosovo”)

In addition, the majority of the SEs in the sample employ at least one individual who is a member of marginalized groups, even though work integration usually is not defined as a priority in their policies. Employment generation is a kind of a social objective pursued by their social enterprise. The research identifies the financial support from the government as the most important incentive for employing disadvantaged individuals.
This project represents the first research of this kind on the state of social enterprises in the region and a contribution to the study of social enterprises in the broader region and Europe. The results of the research will help improve national policies on social enterprises and ensure that they are framed in a way that emphasises the inclusion and employment of the most marginalised and vulnerable. This is why it has joined the International Comparative Social Enterprise Models – ICSEM – Project, one of the largest international communities/projects/organisations for scientific research on social enterprise models.

The project has been implemented by “Reactor – Research in action” (Macedonia) and four partnering organisations – “Konekt” and “Public” from Macedonia, “Partners Albania” from Albania and “Center for Peace and Tolerance” from Kosovo. Further details can be found on the project’s web site http://socialenterprisesbalkans.org/.


Publications can be downloaded at following links:

Comparative study:

Social Enterprises and Work Integration: of Vulnerable Groups in Macedonia, Albania and Kosovo
Социјалните претпријатија и работната интеграција: на ранливите групи во Македонија, Албанија и Косово

Albania:

Sfidat dhe Mundësitë për Punësimin e Grupeve të Marxhinalizuara nga Ndërmarrjet Sociale
Challenges and Opportunities for Employment of Marginalized Groups by Social Enterprises
Policy brief - Challenges and Opportunities for Employment of Marginalized Groups by Social Enterprises

Kosovo:

Social entrepreneurship as a model for social and economical integration of marginalized groups in Kosovo // Социјално предузетништво као модел за социјалнy и економску интеграцију маргинализованих група на Косову // Sipërmarrja sociale si model për integrimin social dhe ekonomik të grupeve të margjinalizuara në Kosovë

Macedonia:

Challenges and Opportunities for Employment of Marginalized Groups by Social Enterprises
Социјалните претпријатија - можност за работна интеграција на ранливите групи
Policy Brief on Social Entreprises in Macedonia: Advice at the policy crossroad
Резиме на политиките за социјални претпријатија во Македонија: Совети на крстопатот на јавните политики
Инфографикот - Работна интеграција преку социјални претпријатија
Инфографикот - Социјални претпријатија за работна интеграција: иновативни можности за вработување
Социјални претпријатија - има, екосистем за нивни развој - нема
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